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How to Bleach Hair - 10 Things You Need to Get Right

1. What do I Need in order to Bleach Hair Correctly?

  • Brilliant Blonde lightener. We recommend it as it has been designed for dark bases and can lift up to 8 levels safely and effectively.
  • Developer. Use 20 Vol for 1-3 levels lift and 30 Vol for more than 3 levels lift.
  • Brush For Applying Hair, clips for sectioning, a non-metallic mixing bowl, a plastic whisk for mixing. Ugly Duckling sells a professional tool kit which contains these.

2. Which Developer Should I Use When Bleaching?

Developer choice is directly related to how much lift you are looking for.

  • Use 10 Vol for gentle color cleansing
  • Use 20 Vol for color removal and lifts of 1-3 levels.
  • Use 30 Vol for significant lifting (more than 3 levels of lift).

3. What is the Correct Mix Ratio of Bleach to Developer?

  • With Ugly Duckling Brilliant Blonde, we recommend a mix of 1 part Bleach to 2 parts developer. This will give you a fairly runny mix which will be easy and quick to apply.
  • Mix the bleach until it forms a smooth consistency (similar to gravy). Do this in a plastic mixing bowl. Add the developer to the powder bleach a little at a time, stirring as you do.
  • Our recommended "fairly runny" mix will make it easier to cover all the hair evenly, thus avoiding patchy results. 
  • It will also allow you to work fast. This also means you have longer to work before the mixture turns dry.
  • The only time you will need a thicker mixture which won't drip is when you are doing a balayage (free painting of highlights).
  • When doing a balayage, make the mixture a little drier. 1 part lightener to 1 part developer is good.

Bleach Mixture, Not too Runny, Not Too Thick.

Lightener Mixture

4. How Should I Apply the Bleach Mixture?

  • Section the hair into 4 large sections with sectioning clips.
  • Then unclip one section and create mini half-inch sections using your tail comb.
  • Start applying bleach in the back of the head where the hair is usually darkest and thickest, working your way round to the front sections, in half-inch sections.
  • Make sure that you saturate the hair properly with the product mixture. You need to literally smother the hair with bleach.
  • Work fast so that that you can give the whole head an equal amount of processing time.
  • Also, you don’t want the mixture to dry out before it is applied. 
  • Always keep at least half an inch away from the scalp.
  • If you are looking to lift all the way from the root, return to the last half inch (nearest to the root) after having applied everywhere else. The part nearest the scalp will process the fastest because it is getting heat from the scalp.
  • Try and avoid actually touching the scalp unless your bleach mix is a fairly mild one.

Section the hair, then start applying the bleach from the back.

Applying Bleach After Sectioning

5. How Long should I leave the Bleach Mixture in the Hair? 

  • There is no fixed development time for bleach, you need to keep watch, watch and watch.... and rinse when the hair has been sufficiently lifted.
  • The development time can vary from 15 minutes to 30 minutes, depending on the starting hair color level, texture, and thickness. 
  • You need to check that the hair is lifting every 10 minutes. When you do that, test also by pulling one strand of hair to be sure that the hair is still elastic and strong and taking well to bleach.
  • Add in more mixture if you can see that there are parts which are lifting more slowly or parts where the bleach mixture is drying out.
  • If you are running out of product at this stage, don't hesitate to make a fresh mix. It will help you lift quickly.
  • Wash off when the hair reaches the desired level.
  • Above all, make sure you do not rinse too early - this is the number one mistake that stylists make!
  • If you are trying to do a true ash blonde, you should try and take the hair to a level 9 or level 10 (see below)
  • After 30 minutes, rinse off whatever the level. It will be dry anyway, and will have stopped working.
  • If you have not attained level 9/10, and provided the hair is still in good condition (ie it's still elastic and strong) you can do a second application.
  • Asian hair, Hispanic hair, other dark hair looking to go blonde will very often require a second application.
  • Do try to get rid of all the orange pigments and also most of the yellow pigments before you rinse. 
  • See the image below. Aim for a level 9 or 10 if you are trying to get blonde hair.
  • When you get to your target level, rinse using an acidic shampoo. This will close the hair cuticle after the bleaching process.

Bleaching Levels

Hair Color Levels When Bleaching

Hair Color At Level 10 After Bleaching

Hair Color at Level 10 After Bleaching

 

6. How about Bleaching Dark Brown Hair?

  • The rules are exactly the same, except that you need to realize that you are going to need to lift a lot! 
  • This means you need to use 30 Vol developer, and saturate the hair really well with the product mix.
  • If parts of the hair dry out after you apply, or you can see that they are not lifting very much, you will need to re-apply a fresh batch of mixture.
  • You need to keep applying and processing in this way until you have lifted out all the brassiness.
  • If you are starting off with dark brown hair, it will progressively turn copper, then orange, then yellow, then pale yellow.
  • Be patient, your hair needs to go through all these levels before you get it to look like the picture above. 
  • If after 30 minutes you are not there, rinse off and make a fresh application (of course check your hair strength and elasticity first).

7. How do I Prevent "Hot Roots" when I bleach? 

  • Apply bleach first on the lengths and then return to the regrowth area in the last 10 minutes only. And rinse before the roots get "hot".
  • Remember that even when doing the root area you don't need to apply the bleach mixture directly right onto the scalp.
  • If you stop a quarter of an inch away, the mixture will travel up and process with the heat from the scalp.

8. What do I do if my Client's Ends are one Color and Her Mid-Lengths are Another Color ? 

  • If you have inconsistent color on your lengths, for example a chunk which has been colored darker and another chunk which has been lightened in the past, plus the natural regrowth hair at the root area, you will need to have a clear bleaching strategy.
  • You will need to figure out which areas need the most lifting and apply bleach first on those areas.
  • Remember: the aim is to get the entire head of hair up to a consistent pale yellow level.
  • You may need to divide up your client's hair mentally into 3 different sections and apply bleach at different times to each section.
  • You may also need to keep watching as your customer's hair develops and then add more bleach onto sections which are not lifting fast enough.
  • In this way you can bring all your hair to one consistent color level, which is absolutely what you need to do to achieve an attractive color result.

9. How Should I Color or Tone the Hair After Bleaching?

  • Coloring or toning after bleaching is necessary in order to achieve a vivid, 3 dimensional color. 
  • Ugly Duckling toners are very effective and we would recommend these if you are trying to achieve ultra white blonde results such as silver blonde or pearl blonde.
  • Use Intense Pearl Blonde 100V or Intense Silver Blonde 100B if your are looking for ultra white results and you still need to lift a little more.
  • Use Pearl Blonde Toner 10V or Silver Blonde Toner 10B if you are have already achieved a true level 10 and for refresh toning applications.

10. How Should I Treat The Hair After Bleaching and Toning?

  • Rinse with water, then wash with a good quality acidic shampoo.
  • If you are looking for an ultra white blonde or ash blonde result, use Ugly Duckling Purple Shampoo and Mask for additional toning.
  • Purple Shampoo and Mask can also be used as a maintenance treatment to keep your color white and ashy.

WATCH VIDEO TUTORIAL HERE - HOW TO BLEACH DARK HAIR: 

PRODUCTS USED IN VIDEO:

  • Brilliant Blonde Lightener
  • Intense Pearl Blonde Toner 100V
  • 20 Vol Developer
  • Purple Shampoo and Mask

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